Chronic kidney disease - Symptoms and causes --Health tips fit - health tips fit

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Thursday, 18 June 2020

Chronic kidney disease - Symptoms and causes --Health tips fit

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Recognize kidney disease


 The main function of the kidney

The main function of the kidney is to "make urine", but to make a "good urine" is not a simple matter. Although the kidney only manufactures "urine" as a product, the manufacturing process is extremely complicated. If there is no way to make "good urine", there will be many problems.

The so-called "good urine" means that the urine contains too many substances in the body that need to be excreted. These substances mainly include water, metabolic waste and excessive electrolytes. The content of these substances in urine is more and less, which is completely based on At that time, the kidney determined the amount of excretion in the body too much, so the main function of the kidney was not so much "excretion" as "regulation". A good kidney can regulate the normal state of water, electrolytes and metabolism in the body by creating a "good urine" that is very suitable in terms of "quality and quantity".

Of course, in addition to "doing urine", the kidney also has important secretion functions, including the secretion  and active vitamin D. These are also closely related to life.



The exact number of patients with kidney disease is unknown, but judging from the fact that kidney disease is ranked seventh in the ranking of the top ten causes of death in the country, there are definitely a few patients; and there is a lot of evidence for another kidney patient in recent years. The kidney population continues to increase, because basically a kidney patient can become another kidney dialysis population as long as the diagnosis is confirmed.

There are many types of kidney disease, more common are glomerulonephritis caused by immune injury and pyelonephritis related to bacterial infection. In addition, patients with diabetes, hypertension and systemic lupus erythematosus also often have kidney disease, so we see At the same time, a kidney patient will also carefully check to see if the patient has other related diseases and understand the cause to give the patient the most appropriate treatment.

 Risk factors affecting kidney function

Chronic renal dysfunction (collectively referred to as chronic renal failure) is the common result of all kidney diseases. This disease is a so-called "progressive" disease, which means that once the diagnosis is confirmed, the disease will only worsen and cannot be cured. In this long course of disease, there are indeed some foreign factors that may worsen the situation, and further cause temporary or permanent damage to kidney function. These foreign factors are generally called risk factors.

Among the risk factors that affect renal function, drugs play an extremely important role. The main ones are some analgesics and antibiotics. If other drugs such as diuretics are used improperly, they may accelerate the deterioration of renal function due to the loss of body fluids. In addition, urinary tract infections can also affect renal function. Because urinary tract infections often have no obvious symptoms, they are sometimes difficult to detect. Another important risk factor that affects kidney function is hypertension. Renal patients often have hypertension, and hypertension itself can worsen kidney function. The two become a vicious circle phenomenon, so the control of hypertension is extremely important in kidney patients. .

The impact of diet on kidney function is mainly on the intake of salt and protein. Many kidney patients are told by friends and family to "limit salt to eat less meat." Basically, it is correct to recommend that patients eat less meat, but eating less does not mean Can not eat, some patients regard meat as drugs, and malnutrition will naturally occur for a long time. In addition, the intake of salt is also asked by the University. When kidney patients have hypertension or edema, salt is certainly to reduce the intake, but if a mild or moderate kidney patient does not have hypertension or edema, salt Eating too few portions may accelerate the deterioration of kidney function. This must be paid attention to. Therefore, the diet of kidney patients must follow the instructions of doctors and nutritionists. Never decide to eat by yourself.


The reason why kidney disease is terrible is that the disease has no obvious symptoms in the early stage. Although it is known that edema is one of the common symptoms of kidney disease, when a kidney patient develops edema, the disease itself has usually been going on for a period of time. In addition, kidney patients may have symptoms such as loss of appetite, burnout, insomnia, and dizziness. Because these symptoms are not unique to kidney patients, they are not easy to diagnose, so "early diagnosis and early treatment" is not easy for kidney patients.

In fact, the most important thing for early diagnosis of kidney disease is urine test. This is the simplest, convenient, economical and effective method to detect kidney disease. It can detect the phenomenon of hematuria or urine protein in patients. Whether the concentration of creatine and urea nitrogen, which represent kidney function, is elevated, although it is possible to know that the kidney is defective, blood tests are not as sensitive as urine tests.

(5) Conclusion

Kidney disease has been listed among the top ten causes of death, but most people's understanding of kidney disease can not keep up with its "progress" ranking, and the impression of kidney disease still stays on the feet edema and urinary dialysis. Due to the frequent exposure of high blood pressure, diabetes, hepatitis, cancer, etc., kidney disease seems to have become a forgotten group. 


 Acute kidney failure
Kidney means related to the kidney. "Acute" means sudden. Therefore, acute kidney failure means that the kidneys suddenly stop functioning, often due to toxins (allergy or poisoning to drugs) or severe blood loss or trauma. Kidney dialysis is used to clean the blood and rest the kidneys. If the cause of kidney dialysis is treated, then the kidneys may be able to restore some or all of their functions.

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