Coronary Pneumonia: prevention, Causes, Treatment, --Health tips fit - health tips fit

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Wednesday, 17 June 2020

Coronary Pneumonia: prevention, Causes, Treatment, --Health tips fit

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Coronary pneumonia
Correctly distinguish common cold, flu and new coronary pneumonia

  Winter and spring are the seasons of high incidence of colds, but affected by the epidemic, some patients suspect that they are infected with new coronary pneumonia as long as they have symptoms such as fever and cough. 
 

The common cold is also known as "cold". It is generally caused by cold, fatigue and other factors, mainly caused by common acute respiratory virus infections, such as rhinovirus and respiratory syncytial virus. The symptoms are Stuffy nose, sneeze, runny nose, fever, cough, headache, etc., physical strength and appetite have no obvious effect, and there are few obvious headaches, muscle aches and other general discomforts. The symptoms are lighter and more self-healing. The common cold usually does not have obvious fever. Even if the fever is generally low-grade fever, it usually falls to normal within 1-3 days. Taking antipyretics is effective.

  Influenza is referred to as influenza, which is a respiratory infectious disease caused by influenza virus. Influenza viruses are classified into types A .B and C and can be spread through droplets in the air, contact between people, or contact with contaminated items. Most of the patients presented with fever, sore throat, runny nose, generalized pain, significant fatigue and respiratory symptoms. Some patients will have cough, high fever, and even pneumonia. The onset of influenza is characterized by a rapid onset and rapid progression. Patients usually have significant fever and often show high fever. Treatment with a neuraminidase inhibitor against the surface of influenza virus particles can effectively relieve symptoms. In flu patients, most patients have relatively mild symptoms, some patients are in critical condition, and the elderly and patients with chronic underlying diseases have more severe symptoms.

  New Coronary Pneumonia is an infectious disease. The confirmed New Coronary Pneumonia and asymptomatic patients are the main sources of infection. The main transmission routes of new coronary pneumonia are respiratory droplet transmission and close contact transmission. Clinically, fever, dry cough, and fatigue are the main manifestations. A few patients are accompanied by nasal congestion, runny nose, and diarrhea. Mild patients only showed low fever and fatigue, and no pneumonia. Some infected patients have a stable early condition, and most severe patients have dyspnea or hypoxemia after 1 week of onset. In severe cases, they can quickly progress to acute respiratory distress syndrome, septic shock, metabolic acidosis that is difficult to correct, and blood clotting Dysfunction, even secondary complications such as multiple organ failure. The population is generally susceptible and most patients have a good prognosis.


  You can make a preliminary identification through the symptoms mentioned above. The common cold and flu are mostly manifested as upper respiratory symptoms, and some flu patients have pneumonia. New coronary pneumonia mainly manifests as symptoms of the lower respiratory tract, with typical lung imaging findings.

  The common cold and flu occur every year. The common cold can occur all year round, without obvious seasonality, and is a common disease. Although influenza can occur throughout the year, the high incidence season is mainly winter and spring. Influenza viruses mutate every year. During high-epidemic seasons, viruses are often more toxic, more infectious, and have more patients. They can spread within a certain area. New Coronary Pneumonia is a disease that occurs recently in winter at the end of 2019 and has a typical epidemiological history.

  

  If symptoms such as fever and cough occur, it is recommended to self-evaluate first, such as whether the body temperature exceeds 37.3, whether there is persistent fever, whether there are symptoms such as breathing difficulties, physical fatigue, and whether family members are sick at the same time. If you have been in close contact with a patient diagnosed with New Coronary Pneumonia, it is recommended that those with symptoms of fever and cough be screened. In the early observation, it is necessary to isolate, use tableware separately, pay attention to hygiene, disinfect the room, monitor body temperature every day, and report to the community and health administrative department in time if there are abnormal conditions, and go to the hospital for treatment.

  The phenomenon of mixed infection is present. Patients with new coronary pneumonia may be infected with common cold and flu at the same time, or patients with common cold and influenza may be infected with new coronary pneumonia at the same time. Older patients with chronic underlying diseases and immunosuppressed patients are more prone to mixed infections. After being attacked by the new coronary pneumonia or influenza virus, these patients' immune function will further decline, their susceptibility will further increase, and the risk and chance of complicating other respiratory viral, bacterial and fungal infections will increase.

The strain of influenza virus is not the same as the new corona virus strain. Even if the flu vaccine is vaccinated, it has no preventive effect on the new corona virus and may still be infected. Therefore, influenza vaccines given in advance cannot prevent new corona virus infections. Usually, it is necessary to take good protection, wear masks, wash hands frequently, go out less, and gather less.

 

  In the period of high influenza incidence, grassroots officers and soldiers mostly live in groups. Improper prevention and control measures can easily lead to mass influenza incidents. First of all, we must strengthen indoor ventilation and ventilation, keep the indoor environment clean, and develop good hygiene and personal protection habits; avoid gathering meals, reduce the length of stay in crowded places as much as possible, and wear masks if necessary; personal attention to work and rest Combination, proper exercise, enhance physical fitness, avoid blowing cold. Officers and soldiers who have been diagnosed with influenza should be treated in isolation and cut off the source of infection.


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